Argentinie: Wetsvoorstel voor beperking radiostraling
In de Argentijnse Chamber of Deputies is een wetsvoorstel gedaan om de maximale toegestane waarde van EM-velden (van bijv. zendmasten) te verlagen.
Ook wordt bepaald dat in scholen en ziekenhuizen alle internetaansluitingen bedraad moeten worden uitgevoerd.
-De vele duizenden wetenschappelijke onderzoeken die gezondheidsschade aantonen,
-De vele honderden wetenschappers die alarmeren,
-Miljoenen burgers wereldwijd die aan de bel trekken omdat zij sterke effecten zien op de volksgezondheid...
Zijn voor veel landen al aanleiding geweest om verregaande maatregelen te treffen.
Zo ook nu in Argentinie.
In een Argentijns artikel worden een paar belangrijke punten uit dit wetsvoorstel besproken.
(vertaald in het Engels middels Google Translate)
Argentina seeks a national law against electromagnetic pollution
A project limits the maximum levels of radiation, and states that in schools and hospitals Internet connections should be wired. Antenna installations will be subject to public consultation. Mercedinos in the backroom
Claudio Fabián Guevara
In the Chamber of Deputies a bill to prevent, reduce, control and sanction electromagnetic pollution it was presented. The text is titled "minimum prevention and control of electromagnetic pollution" and was presented by Deputy Gabriela Troiano with accompanying Carlos Rubin, Diana Conti and Gailard Carolina. It has the support of many NGOs, trade unions and neighborhood organizations.
The project aims to provide a regulatory framework to "radio infrastructure with radiant systems, antennas and all installations capable of generating electromagnetic radiation" in order to "ensure the protection of public health" considering "both thermal effects as biological ".
The parliamentary initiative seek to respond to widespread public demand in the country and the world, which has caused hundreds of protests, lawsuits and petitions to the authorities against uncontrolled deployment of cellular antennas, power lines and other factors electromagnetic pollution.
The law part of a solid scientific basis on the effects of electromagnetic pollution on health and behavior, and establishes measures and concepts that emparentan with other legal initiatives along the same lines in other countries.
Among its most important aspects, the bill provides that the irradiating devices should be installed at a minimum distance of 100 meters from inhabited areas. Limits the maximum radiation levels 10 μW / cm² (1000 microwatts) for analog modulation, and 0.1 μW / cm² for digital modulation signals. Also defined as "population exposure" to situations in which the public is exposed to radiation sources and can not exercise control over this, and as "immission" radiation resulting from all sources of electromagnetic radiation present in a place .
►Sin wifi in schools and hospitals
In buildings used for health, education and cultural uses intensive protective measures should be applied. installing infrastructure capable of emitting radiation or generate electromagnetic fields within and less than one hundred (100) meters of green spaces, health, educational, sporting and cultural institutions with public access is prohibited. In education and health facilities only wired connections to data networks and Internet access may be used. In hospitals phones may not be used in areas that health authorities have higher health risk.
It is mandatory for all manufacturers or importers of equipment or any product or device capable of producing electromagnetic emissions, including technical specifications stating where radiation levels they generate. It should also include a label warning on harmful to human health that exposure to such levels can cause consequences.
The companies providing communication services must in marketing mobile phone products, including delivery of accessories or attenuators elements of radiation to the human body. Report on the packaging of the product on the risks posed to human health, the use of mobile phones, specifically indicating no recommendation for use by children.
►Instalación antenna: public consultation
The articles of the law provides that to authorize the installation of an antenna, you must perform an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), communicate by letter to the owners and tenants of all properties that are within a radius of 100 meters site, the technical characteristics of the assembly and call date of the public hearing and the publication of these same background in newspaper massive scope in the locality.
The enforcement authority must explain, in the grounds of the administrative act authorizing installation, how has taken into account the views of citizens gathered at the Public Hearing.
All infrastructures likely to emit non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation, installed prior to the effective date of this Act or installed, should be modified and use the best available technology to be consistent with the standards established in this law.
In addition, the Registry of Emission Sources Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation is created. It must contain complete and updated information at least on technical aspects of the antenna array, and keep it updated on a website.
the Advisory Council on Electromagnetic Pollution is also created, whose function is to provide the same scientific, technical and socio-economic and recommend action and control measures conducive to the achievement of the objectives of this law. The Council shall be composed of scientists, experts and renowned researchers on electromagnetic fields and their effects on health.
The law establishes a series of strong penalties for companies and individuals offenders. It will be the enforcement authority of this Act the agency's Office, the provinces and the city of Buenos Aires determined to act in the area of each jurisdiction.
►Mercedinos in the backroom
Some mercedinos participated in the backroom of the project.
Environmental lawyer Germán Sosena was in the consultative meeting of the project in the Lower House, on March 16, and his work was recognized. The survey on the health of neighbors around the masts, by Evangelina vicoli and Claudio Guevara in 2012, was required by the promoters of the law as a precedent.
NGOs, neighborhood organizations and unions, promoting the initiative
Initially presented in the years 2011, 2012 and 2014 by deputies Veronica Benas and Antonio Riestra, the project is now represented by Deputy Gabriela Troiano and accompanied so far by Mr Carlos Rubin, Diana Conti and Gailalrd Carolina. It was revised and reinvigorated by Aletheia NGOs for Life, New Environment, Responsible Consumers, Network Neighborhood Irradiated Neighbors Substation Sobral Ezpeleta, Rigolleau Assembly, CTA Autonomous Province of Buenos Aires, ATE Province of Buenos Aires, Neighbors Autoconvocados Campo Quijano ( Salta), autoconvocados Neighborhood Gral. Guemes (Salta), AVDA Association Vecinal in Defense of General Environment. Cerri (Bahia Blanca), Development Society and Culture Villa Amaducci (Bahia Blanca), Sociedad de Fomento Ing. Pedro Pico, Help 'I "Help the leukemic" (Bahia Blanca), Self-Organized Neighbors of Gral. Roca, Children's Forum Bahia Blanca, FUNAM, Dr. Enrique Finochietto Neighborhood Association Autonomous City, District Environment NGO (Tornquist), UETTEL (Union of employees and telecommunications technicians) and Environmental Health in Action Bahia Blanca, with the invaluable support of SERPAJ Service Peace and Justice headed by Dr. Adolfo Perez Esquivel.